Implementation of a law placing foreign NGOs in mainland China under MPS supervision continued to impose burdensome requirements and restrictions on the activities of civil society organizations—including those able to provide services for trafficking victims and communities vulnerable to the crime. In prior years, the government reported maintaining at least 10 shelters specifically dedicated to care for Chinese trafficking victims, as well as eight shelters for foreign trafficking victims and more than 2,300 multi-purpose shelters nationwide that could accommodate trafficking victims; it did not provide information on these shelters in 2018. Officials found guilty through this process reportedly faced expulsion from the Chinese Communist Party, termination of their official positions, fines, and referral to the judicial system. China "is not making significant efforts" to stop human trafficking, the US says, claiming that fewer people are now being prosecuted than before. Authorities are increasingly placing the young children of interned Muslims in Xinjiang in state-run boarding schools, orphanages, and “child welfare guidance centers,” and forcing them to participate in political indoctrination activities and report on their families’ religious activities. In terms of infrastructure, the Chinese government continues to invest in the construction of children’s welfare homes and other relief agencies. India – South Africa Relations , … In 2013, the National People’s Congress ratified a decision to abolish “Re-education through labor” (RTL), a punitive system that subjected individuals to extra-judicial detention involving forced labor, from which the government reportedly profited. Men, primarily in rural China, are desperately seeking a bride in a country where The clandestine nature of these crimes and the fact that only a small minority of cases are reported to the police as incidences of trafficking make it difficult to understand the true scale of China’s trafficking problem. • Increase the transparency of government efforts to combat trafficking and provide disaggregated data on investigations and prosecutions, victim identification, and service provision, including by continuing to share relevant data with international partners. Though it primarily manifests itself in the forms of forced labor and modern slavery, human trafficking can also apply to other issues such as sex trafficking, forced criminality and forced organ removal. The TVPA is the Trafficking Victims Protection Act, passed by Congress in 2000, which details a variety of tools and measures “to combat trafficking in persons both worldwide and domestically,” explains the State Department. ViewPoint Combating Human Trafficking in China. Coordinator for the Arctic Region, Bureaus and Offices Reporting Directly to the Secretary, Office of the Coordinator for Cyber Issues, Office of the U.S. This accounts for roughly 17 percent of … Minimum Standard Not Met. Watch Queue Queue. According to media and a 2018 NGO report, the North Korean government subjects North Korean citizens to forced labor in China as part of its proliferation finance system, possibly with the knowledge of Chinese officials; this includes forced labor in hotels, restaurants, and in remote cyber operations. Girls are often aborted, abandoned, and just not wanted a majority of the time leaving a scarcity of them. Human trafficking is prevalent throughout the world, especially in Asia and more specifically in China but the government and non-governmental organizations (NGO) are taking measures to put an end to it. Instead of finding work, … Traffickers subject Chinese men, women, and children to forced labor and sex trafficking in at least 60 other countries. Well-organized criminal syndicates and local gangs subject Chinese women and girls to sex trafficking within China. The criminal code criminalized some forms of sex trafficking and labor trafficking. State bodies subject members of Muslim minority groups to forced labor as part of arbitrary mass detention and political indoctrination schemes. Both Chinese citizens and foreigners can suffer exploitation in forced labor, among other things. The U.S. also had an input in the fight to end human trafficking in China. This video is unavailable. MPS continued to coordinate the anti-trafficking interagency process and led interagency efforts to implement the National Action Plan on Combatting Human Trafficking, including ongoing research into the efficacy of national efforts to combat the crime. While human trafficking remains prevalent in China, its characteristics are continuously evolving. China Is Among Worst Human Trafficking Offenders, State Dept. This leaves families wanting a son over a daughter so the family name would be carried on. They force Chinese men, women, and girls to work in restaurants, shops, agricultural operations, and factories in overseas Chinese communities. In conjunction with an international organization, authorities co-sponsored and participated in trainings on victim identification and assistance for consular officials and law enforcement, shelter best practices, regulation of marriage migration, and interagency implementation of the national referral mechanism. Forced labor remains a problem especially in brick kilns, coal mines, and factories, some of which are run illegally and take advantage of sloppy labor regulation. In March 2013, the State Council issued “China’s Action Plan against Human Trafficking (2013–2020)”. Data published by the Supreme People’s Court (SPC) indicated it prosecuted and concluded at least 634 trafficking cases (1,146 in 2017), culminating in 1,252 individuals convicted (1,556 in 2017 and 1,756 in 2016); this included 1,252 convictions for the trafficking of women and children, 833 convictions for forced prostitution, and 35 convictions for forced labor. Some law enforcement personnel in neighboring countries reported their Chinese counterparts were unresponsive to requests for bilateral cooperation on cross-border trafficking cases, while others reported China’s cumbersome law enforcement bureaucracy hindered joint operations. Based on existing data and prior research, this paper reviews studies of and investigations into the trafficking of women in China. All Bilateral Relations Business Linkages Cultural Linkages Indian Diaspora. In addition, due to China’s definition of human trafficking, which may include human smuggling, child abduction, forced marriage, and fraudulent adoptions, the exact number of trafficking offenses the government investigated, prosecuted, and convicted was unclear. The Chinese flag flaps in the wind. Human trafficking is a crime that does not just occur in far away places outside Europe. Filed in International Labor • By: Michael Stojsavljevich • January 5, 2021 *Xinjiang Uygur Autonomous Region, People's Republic of China… 90% of the victims are women or … Traffickers also use China as a transit point to subject foreign individuals to trafficking in other countries throughout Asia and in international maritime industries. Human Rights Watch investigated bride trafficking from northern Myanmar into China. For the second consecutive year, the government did not report identifying any trafficking victims or referring them to protective services. During the reporting period, China launched a nationwide campaign to investigate corrupt local officials and police officers allegedly using their influence to shield or profit from criminal organizations engaged in prostitution rings; this included efforts to address sex trafficking. Authorities offer subsidies incentivizing Chinese companies to open factories in close proximity to the internment camps, and local governments receive additional funds for each inmate forced to work in these sites at a fraction of minimum wage or without any compensation. Prosecution of human trafficking in China (TIP2018) trafficking and exploitation. Bride trafficking in China is a violation of human rights that needs an urgent resolution. Alongside human trafficking for sexual exploitation or illegal organ removal, human trafficking for labour exploitation is on the rise, too. It is a complex issue that requires cooperation from both the source countries and China. In some cases, rural border officials received reports involving the sex trafficking and forced labor of Burmese and Mongolian women and girls via forced and fraudulent marriage to Chinese men, then provided them with temporary shelter and helped to fund and escort their repatriation. 1. These penalties were sufficiently stringent and commensurate with the penalties prescribed for other serious crimes, such as rape. Imperialism, Values, and Human Trafficking in China The modern People’s Republic of China is undergoing drastic social, economical, and political developments, and is the second largest source, transit and destination of human trafficking. • Ensure authorities do not subject trafficking victims to extended detention, punishment, or deportation. As reported over the past five years, human traffickers subject domestic and foreign individuals to trafficking in China, and they subject Chinese individuals to trafficking abroad. 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